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Hammertoes

Hammertoes are an abnormal bending (contracture) of the lesser toes. This can occur at one or both of the joints in the 2nd, 3rd, 4th or 5th toes. They can progressively worsen over time.

Hammertoes may begin as a reducible contracture and become rigid/stiff over time. Hammertoes are normally formed by a muscle/tendon imbalance. Other factors may include: tight footwear and trauma. 

Symptoms of hammertoes include: pain, corns and calluses, inflammation, contracture of the toe, open wounds/sores in severe cases. Our doctors will obtain a thorough history and physical exam. Xrays are important to determine the extent of the deformity. Treatment options can include: padding of corns/calluses, changes in shoe wear, orthotic devices, taping/strappings, and medication. Surgery may be an option if the hammertoe is rigid and painful or if there is an open sore.

To learn more about foot and ankle conditions, visit the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons’ patient education website, FootHealthFacts.org

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